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Lycia, on the southern coast of Anatolia, was first recorded in the Late Bronze Age records of ancient Egypt and the Hittite Empire. In 546 B.C. when Lycia was involuntary incorporated into the Persian Empire, the local population was decimated, and the area received an influx of Persians. Lycia fought for Persia in the Persian Wars. Intermittently free after the Greeks defeated the Achaemenid Empire, it briefly joined the Athenian Empire, it seceded and became independent, was under the Persians again, revolted again, was conquered by Mausolus of Caria, returned to the Persians, and went under Macedonian hegemony at the defeat of the Persians by Alexander the Great. Lycia was totally Hellenized under the Macedonians. The Lycian language disappeared from inscriptions and coinage. On defeating Antiochus III in 188 the Romans gave Lycia to Rhodes for 20 years, taking it back in 168 B.C. The Romans allowed home rule under the Lycian League, a federation with republican principles, which later influenced the framers of the United States Constitution. In 43 A.D. Claudius dissolved the league and made Lycia a Roman province. It was an eparchy of Byzantine Empire. A substantial Christian Greek community lived in Lycia until the 1920s when they were forced to migrate to Greece following the Greco-Turkish War.
Persian Empire, Dynasts of Lycia, Uncertain Dynast, c. 520 - 460 B.C.
Minted in Lycia, Anatolia while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest.
GS92921. Silver stater, Müseler I1 - I2, SNGvA 4041, Babelon Traité II/1 998, SNG Cop. Suppl. 366, gVF, toned, tight flan cutting off nose, light porosity/etching, weight 9.156 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, uncertain mint, obverse head of lion right, roaring with jaws open; reverse Incuse square divided into 12 fields in a star-like shape; rare; $650.00 (€572.00)
Boubon, Lycia, c. 100 - 30 B.C.
Bubon or Boubon, Lycia is mentioned by Pliny, Ptolemy, and Hierocles. The site was identified in 1842, on a hill side near Ibecik in Turkey, about 22 km south of Kibyra. The acropolis was on the summit. The site controlled the entrance to a pass over the mountains. Pliny mentions a kind of chalk (creta) that was found about Bubon. Although little remains of the ancient city, a small sandstone theater with 20 rows of seats can still be seen.GB91913. Bronze AE 11, SNG Tüb 4229; BMC Lycia p. 47, 1; SNGvA -; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -, aVF, dark green patina, weight 1.476 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, Boubon (near Ibecik, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 30 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis right, quiver on shoulder; reverse bow and quiver, BOY below; the first coin we have handled from this rare city; very rare; $70.00 (€61.60)
Phaselis, Lycia, c. 260 - 220 B.C.
Phaselis was founded in 690 B.C. by settlers from Rhodes. Phaselis was the one purely Greek city in Lycia, differing in language, culture, and alphabet from the adjacent cities of the region. Phaselis was under Ptolemaic rule from 209 to 197 B.C. Antiochus III formally took possession of the Egyptian territories in Anatolia through the Peace of Lysimachia in 195. Despite the vicissitudes of the area, Phaselis seems to have retained significant autonomy and struck Alexander type tetradrachms from 218 - 185 B.C. The series ended shortly after conclusion of the Apamea treaty, when Phaselis was placed under Rhodes. In 160 B.C. Phaselis was absorbed into the Lycian confederacy under Roman rule.GB88131. Brass AE 10, cf. SNG Cop 123 (Athena not described, perhaps present but mostly off flan on plate), Heipp-Tamer B25 ff. var. (no Athena), BMC Lycia -, SNGvA -, VF/aF, attractive toning, some corrosion, weight 1.124 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 270o, Phaselis (near Tekirova, Turkey) mint, c. 260 - 220 B.C.; obverse prow of war galley right, Athena onboard standing right, brandishing spear, shield on left arm, fish(?) below galley; reverse stern of galley left, with aphlaston, ΦAΣ in center; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; extremely rare; $45.00 (€39.60)
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