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Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander - Antigonos II Gonatas, 310 - 275 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
This coin was struck during a chaotic time when the Greece and Anatolia were the battlegrounds of Alexander's successors. The old men, once comrades in Alexander's army, along with their children, fought each other to death to expand their kingdoms. Cities, such as Lampsacus, in territory that might change hands after the next battle, struck coins in the types and name of Alexander, perhaps as much to maintain neutrality and some continuity, as to honor the deified king.GS91302. Silver tetradrachm, Price 866, MŁller Alexander 914, SNG MŁnchen 395, Meydancikkale 492 - 495, SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, well centered, somewhat crude style, mild die wear, light scratches, weight 17.065 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, Greece or Macedonia, uncertain mint, 310 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus AŽtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Pegasos forepart left in lower left field, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; $350.00 (Ä308.00)
Skarpheia, Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, Greece, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
BCD notes, "A remarkable, hitherto unknown coin of a rare mint with a reverse clearly inscribed SK on the left below the shield. The obverse style appears to be earlier rather than later; the coin therefore may have been struck during the third rather than the second century B.C."GB49604. Bronze AE 12, BCD Lokris (NAC 55) 159.1 (this coin, otherwise unpublished), F, encrustations, weight 2.143 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 0o, Skarpheia mint, obverse head of Demeter right; reverse Ajax the Lesser advancing left, shield in left, sword in right, seen from ĺ behind (as on the Opuntii and Lokri drachms), SK on the left below the shield; ex BCD Collection, ex Numismatic Ars Classica Auction 55, 159.1; unique?; SOLD
Aetolian League, Aetolia, Greece, c. 205 - 150 B.C.
The Aetolian League was a confederation of tribal communities and cities centered in central Greece, probably established to oppose Macedon and the Achaean League. Other Greeks considered Aetolians to be semi-barbaric, but their league had an effective political and administrative structure and a powerful army. By the end of the 3rd century B.C., it controlled the whole of central Greece outside Attica. At its height, the league included Locris, Malis, Dolopes, part of Thessaly, Phocis, and Acarnania. Some Mediterranean city-states, such as Kydonia on Crete, joined. As the first Greek ally of the Roman Republic, the league helped defeat Philip V of Macedon. Roman meddling in Greek affairs shifted opinion and a few years later the league sided with Antiochus III, the anti-Roman Seleucid king. Antiochus' defeat in 189 B.C. forced the league to sign a treaty that allowed it to exist but made it an feeble pawn of the Roman Republic.SH53974. Silver triobol, Tsangari 1255 (D14/R193), BCD Akarnania 501, VF, lightly toned, weight 2.464 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 270o, Aitolian mint, obverse head of Aetolia right, wearing kausia; reverse AITΩΛΩN, the Calydonian boar standing right, monograms below, spearhead in exergue; ex CNG auction 256, lot 87; SOLD