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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Judean Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  |   

Judean Kingdom

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here coins of the Judaea Kingdom are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.


The Coins of The Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection

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The Abraham and Marian Sofaer collection consists of 4,000 coins and related objects produced by the peoples who inhabited the Holy Land from the Persian period in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. through the Crusader kingdom in the thirteenth century of the modern era. Assembled over more than thirty years, the collection contains gold, silver, and bronze coins of the Persians, Greeks, Samarians, Hebrews, Nabataeans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, and Crusaders. This book has become a primary reference for Holy Land coins.
BK10621. The Coins Of The Holy Land The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum, by Ya'akov Meshorer, 2013, American Numismatic Society, Ancient Coins in North American Collections 8, hardback, 2 volumes, new, list price $190, international shipping at the actual cost of postage, LAST COPY IN STOCK; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C., Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
JD91961. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I, VF, nicely centered, beveled obverse edge, weight 1.554 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

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The single cornucopia and weight indicate this type was valued at half of Antigonus double cornucopia type. Even so, it is a large bronze compared with the usual Judaean prutah denomination.
JD91418. Bronze AE 21, Hendin 1163, Meshorer TJC 37, Sofaer 427, SNG ANS 189, HGC 10 647, F, reverse off center, mold halves misaligned when flan was cast, light corrosion, weight 7.784 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew legend: Mattatayah the High Priest and Council of the Jews, single cornucopia tied with ribbons, grapes and grape vine hang; reverse BACIΛEΩC ANTIΓONOY (of King Antigonus) within wreath and border of dots; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

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The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD91955. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1195, RPC I 4915, Meshorer TJC p. 79, aF, ragged flan, weight 0.891 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse EΘNAPXH, double cornucopia; reverse HPW, war galley left; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (12 March 1974), lot 54; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

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The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD91956. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1197, Meshorer TJC 72, RPC I 4916, BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, F, earthen highlighting, weight 1.546 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H-P-W (counterclockwise), prow of war galley facing left; reverse EΘN (ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (Aug 1973), lot 62; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD91413. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 59, Hendin 1188, HGC 10 662, aF, rough, off center, slightly ragged edge, weight 1.490 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 4 B.C.; obverse HPW∆OY BACIΛE (or similar), anchor; reverse double cornucopia, caduceus between horns, pellets above; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD91957. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 59c, Hendin 1188, HGC 10 662, F, ragged flan edge, off center, weight 1.619 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 12 B.C.; obverse HPW BACI, anchor; reverse double cornucopia, caduceus between horns, five pellets above; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (12 Mar 1974), lot 47; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00 ON RESERVE


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan), King 67 B.C., Ethnarch 63 - 40 B.C.

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Hyrcanus II was high priest during the rule of his mother, Salome Alexandra. He was made king upon her death but deposed within a year by his younger brother, Aristobulus. Pompey restored Hyrcanus in 63 B.C. He was captured by the Parthians in 40 B.C. and was executed by Herod ten years later. As typical for this type, many letters are illegible and the inscription incomplete.
JD91958. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1159b, Meshorer TJC type S, SNG ANS 164, VF, cleaning scratches, corrosion, overstruck on Jannaeus type, weight 1.677 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 90o, Jerusalem mint, 76 - 67 or 63 - 40 B.C.; obverse crude barbaric style, blundered Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (12 March 1974), Lot 13; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Hendin 1146 is easily identified by its unique cursive style inscription. Meshorer wrote of this cursive style, "The letters appear is if they were written with pen and ink. They are schematic, elongated, oblique, and very small. Some are so minute as to be little more than points. Although small, the shapes of the letters are simple and quite legible. The inscription is mostly complete and contains no errors."
JD93791. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1146, Meshorer TJC R, Meshorer AJC G, SNG ANS 116, F, irregular flan shape, off center, porous, edge crack, sprue cut, weight 1.075 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Hebrew inscription, in cursive style script, within wreath: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

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Parthia took Judaea in 40 B.C. and made Mattathias Antigonus their vassal King. After Antigonus bit off his ears to render him ineligible for High Priest, Hyrcanus II was sent to Babylon in chains. Herod fled to Rome but returned with Roman support and took Jerusalem in 37 B.C. Dio Cassius says Antigonus was crucified but most accounts say he was beheaded.
JD91959. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1164, Meshorer TJC 40, SNG Cop 191 ff., F, grown tone, off center, prominent flan casting screw, edge crack, weight 1.641 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 40 - 37 B.C.; obverse retrograde Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Mattatayah, surrounded by wreath and border of dots; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, barley grain between horns, border of dots; from a New England collector (purchased in Haifa in Apr 1970); scarce; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40




  



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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, January 27, 2020.
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Coins of the Judean Kingdom