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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Justice & Equity||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

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In 168 A.D., Marcus Aurelius campaigned against the Marcomanni.
RS89842. Silver denarius, RIC III 578, RSC II 310, BMCRE IV 472, Hunter II -, SRCV -, VF, well centered, light toning, flow lines, some die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.111 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 168 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP IIII COS III (holder of tribunition power 8 years, imperator 4 times, consul 3 times), Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; $150.00 (132.00)


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

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In 168, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus left Rome, establish their headquarters at Aquileia. The Roman army crossed the Alps into Pannonia and subdued the Marcomanni at Carnuntum north of the Danube.
RS92459. Silver denarius, Hunter II 41, RIC III 595, RSC II 318, BMCRE IV 481, SRCV II 5362, VF, excellent portrait, toned, flow lines, die wear, tight flan, small encrustations, weight 3.264 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb - Dec 168 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP V COS III, Aequitas seated left, feet on footstool, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (79.20)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA74573. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1610i, RSC IV 25c, RIC V-1 S627, Hunter IV p. lxix, SRCV III 10168, VF, nice portrait, white metal, parts of legends weak, porous, weight 3.689 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 170o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in exergue; $36.00 (31.68)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
MA94324. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1610g, RSC IV 25c, RIC V-1 S627, Hunter IV p. lxix, SRCV III 10168, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, porous, light corrosion, weight 4.078 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star upper left; $.99 (.87)







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Monday, January 20, 2020.
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Justice