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Empire of Trebizond, Manuel I Comnenus, 1238 - 1263 A.D.
Manuel I Megas Komnenos (died March 1263) was an Emperor of Trebizond, from 1238 until his death. At the time Manuel reigned, the Empire of Trebizond comprised a band of territory stretching along the southern coast of the Black Sea. Although Michael Panaretos, a 14th-century Greek chronicler, calls Manuel "the greatest general and the most fortunate" and states he ruled "virtuously in the eyes of God", the only event he documents for Manuel's reign is a catastrophic fire striking the city of Trebizond in January 1253. The major events of his reign are known from external sources, most important of which is the recovery of Sinope in 1254, which had been lost to the Sultanate of Rum forty years before.BZ89548. Silver asper, Sommer T3.20 (same dies), Retowski 217 (same dies), SBCV 2602, aEF, crude style usual for the type, toned, uneven strike, die wear, weight 2.807 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Trebizond (Trabzon, Turkey) mint, 1238 - 1263 A.D.; obverse A (with circle) /EV/Γ - O / TPA/ΠC/TI/d (C blundered), Saint Eugenius standing facing, long cross in right hand; reverse MH/N/HΛ/o - K/MH/N (MH's ligate), Manuel standing facing, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, Manus Dei (hand of God) upper right; nicer than the referenced two plate coins, which are from the same dies; very rare; $320.00 (€281.60)
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1282 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
An extremely rare Andronicus II trachy of this type was found by Dochev at Turnovo (Dochev 1992, Pl. 17, 2; ). It is the Turnovo coin that is described in the Dumbarton Oaks Catalog (DOC V) and in Sear's Byzantine Coin Values (SBCV). We know of only five other specimens of the type.BZ91214. Bronze trachy, Dochev 1992, pl. 17, 2; DOC V, table 18A, 30 (none in the collection); SBCV 2357A; B-D LPC -; Bendall PCPC; Lianta -; Grierson -; Sommer -, F/VF, obverse "finder" cleaned by scraping, edge crack, small spots of corrosion, weight 1.680 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1282 - 1328 A.D.; obverse The Virgin Mary standing facing orans, nimbate, wears tunic and maphorion, MP - ΘV (Greek abbr.: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) flanking nimbus; reverse Andronicus, on left, standing facing, scepter cruciger in right hand and anexikakia(?) in left hand, blessed by military saint, on right standing facing with sword(?) in left hand; extremely rare; $270.00 (€237.60)
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
This type was struck while Bohemond I was in captivity. It was the first type struck by Tancred. The order in which his types were struck has been firmly established by frequent overstrikes of later issues on earlier coins.
St. Peter is the patron saint of Antioch.CR92928. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades 52, Malloy Crusaders 3a, Schlumberger II 6, aF, green patina, weight 3.052 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, obverse bust of St. Peter facing, short curly hair and curly beard, scroll in right hand, cross in left hand, O / PE-TP/O/C (TP ligate) divided across field; reverse + / KE BOI/ΘH TO ∆V / ΛO COV TANKPI+ (O Lord, help your servant Tancred) in five lines; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 70 (7 Oct 2018), lot 791; $110.00 (€96.80)
Vienne Archbishopric, Viennois, France, 12th Century A.D.
In 1023 the Archbishops of Vienne became secular lords paramount. They had the title of Count, making them prince-archbishops, and when in 1033 the Kingdom of Arles was reunited to the Holy Roman Empire, they retained their independence and obtained from the empire the title of Archchancellors of the Kingdom of Arles. ME91706. Silver dinar, Duplessy Féodales 2381, Poey d'Avant 4826, Boudeau 1045, Roberts -, VF, toned, some legend weak, weight 0.813 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, Vienne mint, 12th Century A.D.; obverse +•S•M•VIENNA•, bearded head of Saint Maurice of Vienne left; reverse MAXIMA•GALL (barred LL's), cross, pellet in each quarter; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1282 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Sear and other older references describe the figure on the reverse right as Christ. Other references note the identity as uncertain. A few more recent finds with clear inscriptions have provided the answer; the figure on the right is named as the "Mother of God."BZ89561. Bronze trachy, DOC V 825 ff.; Bendall PCPC 250; B-D LPC p. 204, 2; SBCV 2360; Grierson 1429; Sommer 79.14, Fair/aF, porous, ragged flan, weight 1.765 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1282 - 1328 A.D.; obverse O/AΓ/IO/Σ − ∆/MH/TP (partly ligate, obscured), nimbate bust of Saint Demetrius facing, holding small cross to his breast in right hand; reverse Andronicus (on left) standing facing, holding cross-scepter, the Virgin (on right) standing left, nimbate, raising right hand blessing emperor, star above center, large reversed B low center, M / ΘV (Greek abbr.: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) on right (obscured); very rare; $40.00 (€35.20)
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
St. Demetrius, the son of a Roman proconsul in Thessalonica, was captured preaching and imprisoned. His fellow Christian prisoner, Nestoras, a small man condemned to die in the arena, killed the emperor's favored gladiator. Nestoras was beheaded on the spot. Learning that Nestoras had been inspired by Demetrius' blessing, Maximian had Demetrius executed by spears on 26 Oct 306 A.D. After the growth of his veneration as saint, Thessalonica suffered repeated attacks and sieges from the Slavic peoples who moved into the Balkans. Demetrius was credited with many miraculous interventions to defend the city. Hence later traditions Demetrius regard him as a soldier in the Roman army, and he came to be regarded as an important military martyr. Unsurprisingly, he was extremely popular in the Middle Ages, and along with Saint George, was the patron of the Crusades.BZ92193. Bronze trachy, DOC V 811 ff.; B-D LPC p. 212, 14; Bendall PCPC 246; Sommer 79.21; SBCV 2373, Fair/VF, irregular flan, edge splits and crack, porosity, weight 1.006 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.; obverse O / AΓIOC - ∆/HM/TP/IO/C (or similar, in flanking columnar groups), St. Demetrius standing facing, spear vertical in right hand, shield on left arm; reverse Andronicus standing facing, cross-scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, hand of God upper right, two stars left; scarce; $40.00 (€35.20)