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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Italy||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Italy

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Philip IV of Spain, 31 March 1621 - 17 September 1665

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Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME92027. Bronze 3 cavalli, MIR Napoli 273/1 (NC), F, dark green patina, weight 1.292 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 225o, Naples mint, 1625; obverse PHILIPP IIII D G REX, radiate head right, B (mint master Fabrizio Biblia) behind, 1625 below; reverse IN HOC SIGNO VINCES (In this sign you will conquer), cross potent, flame from each angle; ex FORVM (2013); scarce; $120.00 (105.60)


Kingdom of Naples, Charles V (HRE), 1516 - 1554

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Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory," wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. It was during Charles reign that Spain conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Incas of Peru, and then extended its control across much of South and Central America. Charles provided five ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage was the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, and the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century. Charles was only 54 when he retired, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery where he died aged 58. Charles' motto, Plus Ultra ('Further Beyond'), became the national motto of Spain.
SH66322. Bronze cavallo, MIR Napoli 156, VF, weight 1.215 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 90o, Naples mint, obverse PLVS : VLTRA, the Pillars of Hercules, banner over trefoil in center, crown above; reverse REX : IVSTVS, cross potent; $75.00 (66.00)


Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621

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Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66316. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 231 (R2), F, uneven strike, tight flan, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX ARA, two flints and two flint locks forming a cross, a flame in each angle; reverse SICILIAE ET HIERVSA, crown, two crossed scepters inside; rare; $45.00 (39.60)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME66338. Billon denaro, MIR 10 347 (R3), Biaggi 493 var. (R), MEC Italy III 643, VF, weight 0.405 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 135o, Apulia, Brindisi mint, early coinage, 1266 - 1278; obverse K DEI GRA REX SCL, cross fleury; reverse + DVC AP ET PRIC CAPE, shield with lis and three pendants, flanked by two small lis; rare; $45.00 (39.60)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME66658. Bronze denaro, MIR 10 356 (R), MEC Italy III 665, Biaggi 499 var. (legends reversed, NC), VF, weight 0.546 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi mint, 1277; obverse + DEIGRAREXSICIL, K in frame of six arches; reverse + DVC APVL PRIC CAP, cross with trefoil at each end and star in each quarter; $45.00 (39.60)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1254 - 1258

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Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.
ME70458. Billon denaro, MIR 10 310 (R3), MEC Italy III 590, Biaggi 482 var. (no R at end of reverse legend), Spahr 166, VF, centered, weight 0.764 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1254 - 1258; obverse + CSECVNDVS, crowned eagle facing with head left; reverse + IER ET SICIL'R, cross patte, pellet in second and third quarters; rare; $40.00 (35.20)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250

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Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME73014. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 549, MIR 10 282 (NC), Biaggi 455 (NC), Spahr 121, F, little wear but corrosion, weight 0.582 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, Brindisi mint, 1239; obverse F- IM-PER-ATO-R, long cross intersecting legend; reverse RI-ER'-ETS-ICL', crowned head superimposed at center on long cross intersecting legend; $40.00 (35.20)


Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621

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Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66318. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 225/6, aF, weight 3.954 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Naples mint, 1620; obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX, cornucopia overflowing with bunches of grapes, other fruit, and stalks of grain, 16-20 flanking across field; reverse * VIGILAT ET CVSTODIT (watches and keeps), recumbent lion atop round altar with ornamented side; rare (R2); $36.00 (31.68)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME73022. Billon denaro, MIR 10 343 (R), MEC Italy III 634, Spahr 35, Biaggi -, gF, green patina, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1266 - 1278; obverse + DEI GRA REX SICIL, KAR (AR ligate), Ω above; reverse DVC APVL' ET PRIC CAP, cross patte, the horizontal beam a heraldic label with four pendants, a lis in each lower quarter; rare; $36.00 (31.68)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1309

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When his father died, Charles was a prisoner of Peter III of Aragon. King Edward I of England mediated peace, and Charles was liberated on the condition that he was to retain Naples alone. Sicily was left to the Aragonese. Three of his sons and 60 nobles were sent as hostages for his release. Pope Nicholas IV immediately absolved Charles from all the conditions he had sworn to observe, crowned him King of Sicily in 1289, and excommunicated King Alfonso III of Aragon. The two sides fought for the next 13 years until Charles finally gave up all rights to Sicily, agreed to marry his daughter Eleanor to King Frederick, and lived the rest of his life peacefully in Naples.
ME70445. Billon denaro, MIR Napoli 25, Biaggi 1631, MEC Italy III 689, aF, weight 0.523 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 90o, Naples mint, 1290 - 1292; obverse +: KAROL': SCD': REX:, crowned bust facing; reverse +: IERL': ET: SICIL':, cross fleure; $32.00 (28.16)




  



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REFERENCES|

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Bellinger, A. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (1966 - 1999).
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Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. (Rome, 1910-1943).
Erslev, K. Medieval Coins in the Christian J. Thomsen Collection. (South Salem, NY, 1992).
Grierson, P. & L. Travaini. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 14: Italy III: South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia. (Cambridge, 1998).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Lunardi, G. Le Monete della Repubblica di Genova. (Genoa, 1975).
Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Monete Italiane Regionali. (Pavia, 1996 - present).
Pannuti, M & V. Ricco. Le monete de Napoli. Nummorum Auctiones S.A., Lugano. (Naples, 1984).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 21, 2020.
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Italian Coins