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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Alexandria||View Options:  |  |  | 

Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria struck coins for provincal Egypt before becoming a regular imperial mint. Alexandria was reopened by the Byzantines 525 - 646 A.D. Dates of Operation: 294 - 421 and 457 - 474 A.D. Mintmarks: AL, ALE, ALEX, SMAL.


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337.
RL87872. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V p. 284, 12 (also 1st officina); RIC VIII Alexandria p. 541, 32; LRBC I 1473; SRCV V 17473; Cohen VII 716, EF, excellent centering, brown tone with some silvering, flow lines, reverse center a little weak, tiny edge cracks, weight 1.706 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, posthumous, late 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse VN - MR (venerabilis memoria - revered memory), Constantine standing slightly right, head right, veiled and togate, raising right hand, SMALA in exergue; ex Beast Coins, ex Malter Galleries; $125.00 (110.00)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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This coin is universally described with Maximian raising his empty right hand but on all of the five examples known to Forum, including this coin, he holds an olive branch in his right hand and a mappa in his left hand.
RT85653. Billon half follis, RIC VI Alexandria 91b (S) corr. (no olive branch or mappa), SRCV IV 13419, Hunter V -, Cohen VI -, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, edge cracks, weight 3.001 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, c. early - mid 308 A.D.; obverse D N MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (foresight of the Gods), Providentia, draped, standing right, extending right hand to Quies; Quies, draped, standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter with left hand, ∆ lower center, ALE in exergue; rare; $105.00 (92.40)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 315, Constantine the Great and Licinius battled the Sarmates, the Goths and the Carpians along the Danube. Constantine led a punitive expedition into Dacia and reestablished the Roman fortifications of the frontier.
RL91225. Billon follis, RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R2), SRCV IV 15246. Cohen VII 108, Hunter V 233 ff. var. (1st officina not listed), VF, well centered and struck, green patina, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 315 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak on left shoulder, Victory on globe with wreath and palm frond in Jupiter's right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle left at feet on left with head turned back and wreath in beak, wreath over A over N in right field, ALE in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 76, part of Lot 942 (2019); scarce; $80.00 (70.40)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO IMPERATORIS dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Imperators. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT91638. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Alexandria 101b, Hunter V 229 ff. var. (officina, parallel ties), SRCV IV 15179, Cohen VII 43, VF, well centered, slightly uneven strike with some legend weak, porosity, spots of light corrosion, weight 6.669 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, c. late 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, divergent ties, pointed neck truncation; reverse GENIO IMPERATORIS (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor as Commander in Chief), Genius standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera with right hand, cornucopia in left hand, K left, Γ over P right, ALE in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $50.00 (44.00)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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VOT XX MVLT XXX abbreviates Votis Vicennalibus Multis Tricennalibus, which means Constans has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for twenty years of rule and additional vows and prayers to ask for success in achieving his thirtieth anniversary. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL88644. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Alexandria 34, SRCV V 18647, LRBC 1 1476, Cohen VII 197, Hunter V -, VF, rough, ragged flan edge, weight 1.526 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, 345 - 347 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMALΓ in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 315, Constantine the Great and Licinius battled the Sarmates, the Goths and the Carpians along the Danube. Constantine led a punitive expedition into Dacia and reestablished the Roman fortifications of the frontier.
RL88830. Billon follis, Hunter V 238 (also 7th officina), RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R1), SRCV IV 15246, Cohen VII 108, aF, corrosion, encrustation, weight 2.915 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Alexandria mint, 315 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle at feet left with wreath in beak, wreath over Z over N in right field, ALE in exergue; $12.00 (10.56)







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Catalog current as of Monday, September 16, 2019.
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Alexandria