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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Cologne||View Options:  |  |  |   

Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany)

Colonia Agrippinensis established a mint under Postumous and struck for the subsequent Romano-Gallic usurpers.


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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The Rhine and the Danube formed most of the northern inland frontier of the Roman Empire.
RA72656. Billon antoninianus, Cunetio 2371, RSC IV 355b, Schulzki AGK 88c, RIC V-2 87, SRCV III 10991, Elmer 123, Hunter IV - (p. lxxxviii), gVF, reverse scratches, weight 3.812 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 1st emission, 2nd phase, 260 - 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS PROVINCIARVM (health of the provinces), river-god Rhenus (Rhine) reclining left, horned, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, resting right forearm on prow of a boat, reed cradled in left hand and arm, left elbow resting on urn behind; $90.00 (79.20)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 267 A.D., the Goths, originally from Scandinavia, along with the Sarmatians, originally from the area of modern Iran, first invaded the Empire. They ravaged Moesia, Thrace, the Balkans and Greece. In southern Greece, the cities they sacked included Athens, Corinth, Argos and Sparta. An Athenian militia force of 2,000 men, under the historian Dexippus, pushed the invaders north where they were intercepted by the Roman army under Gallienus. Gallienus defeated them near the Nestos River, on the boundary between Macedonia and Thrace.
RS91609. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 331a, RIC V-2 325, Hunter IV 79, Elmer 593, Mairat 143, Schulzki AGK 77, Cunetio 2444, SRCV III 10983, VF, nice white metal, excellent portrait, toned, flow lines, a few tiny encrustations, edges a little ragged, weight 3.175 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from the front; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (era of good fortune), Postumus standing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, transverse spear in right hand, globe in extended left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $90.00 (79.20)


Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RB89976. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 56, SRCV III 11232, Cohen VI 17, Hunter IV 4, gVF, nice portrait, centered on a tight flan, flow lines, small green encrustations, small edge cracks, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 19.44 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped bust right; reverse COMES AVG (companion of the Emperor), Victory standing left, extending wreath in right hand, palm frond in left; $80.00 (70.40)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RS89653. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 9, Elmer 586, RIC V-2 287, RSC IV 31a, Mairat 168 - 171, Hunter IV 42, SRCV III 10932, Cunetio -, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, edge a little ragged with small splits and crack, reverse struck with a very worn die, weight 3.184 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse COS IIII (consul for the 4th time), Victory standing right, raising wreath in right hand, long grounded palm frond in right hand before her; ex Beast Coins; $70.00 (61.60)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RS89654. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 9, Elmer 586, RIC V-2 287, RSC IV 31a, Mairat 168 - 171, Hunter IV 42, SRCV III 10932, Cunetio -, VF, well centered, some silvering, edge splits, die wear, weight 2.914 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse COS IIII (consul for the 4th time), Victory standing right, raising wreath in right hand, long grounded palm frond in right hand before her; ex Beast Coins; $70.00 (61.60)


Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

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In 258, Valerian II, Gallienus' eldest son died. He was possibly murdered by Pannonia's governor Ingenuus. Valerian named Saloninus, another of Gallienus' sons, Caesar.
RS91833. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 914e, RIC V-1 9, RSC IV 41, SRCV III 10767, gF, toned, centered on a tight ragged flan, bumps and marks, earthen deposits, weight 2.445 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augural wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle), and aspergillum (sprinkler); $70.00 (61.60)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 268, Gallienus was killed by his own senior officers at Mediolanum (Milan) while besieging his rival Aureolus, one of the Thirty Tyrants. Aureolus was murdered in turn by the Praetorian guard.
RA89652. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 97, Cunetio 2453 (511 spec.), Schulzki AGK 53, RSC IV 215c, Elmer 566 (267), RIC V-2 318, SRCV III 10967, VF, excellent centering, nice portrait, much silvering, ragged edge with splits and flan cracks, weight 2.326 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cologne (Germany) mint, 6th series, c. mid - late 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, P in left field; ex Beast Coins; $65.00 (57.20)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Deusoniensis probably refers to modern Deutz, on the Rhine across from Cologne. Apparently, Hercules was worshiped there and it has been suggested that Postumus was born in the town. From these relatively obscure provincial origins, Postumus would have risen through the ranks of the army until he held command of the Roman forces "among the Celts." What his precise title was is not definitely known, though he may have been promoted by Valerian to imperial legate of Lower Germany. Postumus was evidently in favor at Valerian's court, and may even have been granted an honorary consulship.
RS64647. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 91a, RIC V-2 64, Mairat 13, Schulzki AGK 25, Elmer 124, Hunter IV 14, SRCV III 10944, aVF, toned, edge cracks, weight 3.271 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 260 - 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse HERC DEVSONIENSI (to Hercules of Deuson), Hercules standing slightly right, head right, nude, resting right hand on grounded club behind, bow in left hand, Nemean lion skin draped over his left arm; $60.00 (52.80)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 268, Gallienus was killed by his own senior officers at Mediolanum (Milan) while besieging his rival Aureolus, one of the Thirty Tyrants. Aureolus was murdered in turn by the Praetorian guard. Postumus assumed his fifth consulship on 1 January 269, but the army in Germania Superior raised a usurper in early 269. Laelianus, one of Postumus top military leaders and the governor of Germania Superior, was declared emperor in Mogontiacum (Mainz) by the local garrison and surrounding troops. Although Postumus was able to capture Mogontiacum and kill Laelianus within a few months, he was unable to control his own troops, who wished to put Mogontiacum to the sack. When Postumus tried to restrain them, his men turned on him and killed him.
RA89656. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 97, Cunetio 2453 (511 spec.), Schulzki AGK 53, RSC IV 215c, Elmer 566 (267), RIC V-2 318, SRCV III 10967, Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, traces of silvering, flow lines, some porosity, edge cracks and small splits, weight 2.908 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 267 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, P in left field; ex Beast Coins; $55.00 (48.40)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Oriens is Latin for "east." Literally, it means "rising" from orior, "rise." The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (French levant "rising"), "Anatolia" (Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew (from "zriha" meaning sunrise), "sharq" in Arabic, and others. The Chinese pictograph for east is based on the sun rising behind a tree and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refers to Japan. Also, many ancient temples, including the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, were built with their main entrances facing the East. To situate them in such a manner was to "orient" them in the proper direction. When something is facing the correct direction, it is said to have the proper "orientation."
RS87829. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 868h, RIC V-1 12, RSC IV 143a, Hunter IV 53, SRCV III 9952, VF, well centered, attractive toning, soft strike, die wear, light bumps and marks, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 - 259 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse ORIENS AVGG (the rising sun of the two emperors), Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, left arm and flying behind, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left hand; $43.00 (37.84)




  



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Colonia Agrippinensis