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Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage.
Carthage, Punic Sardinia, c. 216 - 215 B.C.
This scarce type was issued by Carthaginian forces that landed on Roman ruled Sardinia during the 2nd Punic War. Soon after the start of the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome, fought from 218 to 201 B.C., the Carthaginian general Hannibal marched over the Alps, invaded Italy, and scored great victories at Lake Trasimene and Cannae. The Romans adopted the Fabian strategy - avoiding battle against Hannibal and defeating his allies and the other Carthaginian generals instead. Scipio Africanus finally defeated Hannibal in 202 B.C., victory put Rome in control of the western Mediterranean and much of Spain. GB91492. Bronze AE 18, Viola CNP 377l, SNG Cop 1103, SNG Milan XIV 731, Macdonald Hunter 133, McClean 3065, de Luynes IV 3890, Alexandropoulos MAA -, Choice VF, well toned, attractive style, well centered, weight 4.413 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Sardinia, uncertain mint, Second Punic War, c. 216 - 215 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple drop earring, Punic letter zayin below chin; reverse bull standing right, star of eight rays around a central pellet above, Punic letters ayin taw (from right to left) lower right; scarce; $300.00 (Ä264.00)
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, 300 - 264 B.C.
In 278 B.C., envoys from the Sicilian cities of Agrigentum, Syracuse, and Leontini asked Pyrrhus for military aid to remove the Carthaginian dominance over that island. With an army of 20,000 infantry, 3,000 cavalry, 20 war elephants, and some 200 ships, Pyrrhus defeated the Carthaginian forces and captured the city-fortress of Eryx. Carthage sued for peace, but Pyrrhus demanded Carthage renounce its claims on Sicily entirely. Pyrrhus set his sights on conquering Carthage itself, and began outfitting an expedition. However, his ruthless treatment of the Sicilian cities and his execution of two Sicilian rulers led to such animosity that he was forced out of Sicily and abandoned his plan. GI91726. Bronze AE 21, Viola CNP 252f, Alexandropoulos 57h, SNG Cop 164, MŁller Afrique 276, VF, obverse flatly struck, off center, flan casting sprue remnant, weight 4.742 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 270o, Sardinian(?) mint, 300 - 264 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Tanit left wearing barley wreath, triple-pendant earring, and necklace; reverse horse's head right, pellet before; $120.00 (Ä105.60)
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C.
In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.
Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.SH57451. Electrum stater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 266 (same dies), Alexandropoulos 12, SNG Cop 136, gVF, marks, weight 7.532 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on exergual line, nearer legs back, two pellets below; nicely centered and struck, marks in the fields; SOLD