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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Youth||View Options:  |  |  | 

Youth (Juventas)

Juventas is Roman goddess of youth and before she married Heracles was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving nectar and ambrosia. Boy's offered Juventas a coin when they put on the adult men's toga for the first time.


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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Following tradition, when young Nero was elevated to princeps juventutis (prince of youth) in 51 A.D., the equestrian order (Roman knights) gave him a silver buckler (a small round shield) and lances. Coins depicting these traditional gifts were issued for Caius and Lucius, when they were designated princeps juventutis in the time of Augustus. Aurei and denarii with the same types were struck for Nero at Rome. Due to the rarity of the type and the lack of S C on the reverse, it was long believed this type was funded by the knights for distribution as gifts to attendees at the event where Nero was given his buckler and lances. In SNR 63 (1984), von Kaenel re-attributed this type to a Thracian mint. A few dozen examples are know and some, according to RPC I, were found in Thrace.
RB88176. Orichalcum sestertius, von Kaenel Thrakien, type A (unlisted dies); RIC I Claudius 108 (R4); BMCRE p. 195 note, pl. 37, 4; BnF II Claudius 288; Cohen I 99; see RPC I p. 311, aVF, dark brown near black patina, minor roughness, weight 26.001 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Balkan or Thracian mint, as caesar, 51 - 54 A.D.; obverse NERONI CLAVDIO DRVSO GERMANICO COS DESIG, bare headed and draped bust right; reverse EQVESTER / OR-DO / PRINCIPI / IVVENT in four lines on a buckler (small round shield), lance vertical behind; ex CNG e-sale 424 (11 Jul 2018), lot 434; ex CNG e-sale 174 (10 Oct 2007), lot 204; ex CNG auction 67 (22 Sep 2004), lot 1316; ex Michael Weller Collection; very rare; $1300.00 SALE |PRICE| $1170.00 ON RESERVE


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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In 249, the philosopher Plotinus moved to Rome. In his philosophy there are three principles: the One, the Intellect, and the Soul. Historians of the 19th century invented the term Neoplatonism and applied it to him and his philosophy which was influential in Late Antiquity. Much of the biographical information about Plotinus comes from Porphyry's preface to his edition of Plotinus' Enneads. His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.
RS93242. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 219, RSC IV 57, Hunter III 10, SRCV III 9241, Choice VF, well centered, attractive style, attractive toning, flow lines, mild die wear, weight 4.094 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (to the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing left in military dress, globe in right hand, standard (or inverted spear) in left hand, captive seated left at feet on left; $100.00 (88.00)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine and Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still a baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL89944. Billon reduced follis, Hunter V 56 (also 3rd officina), RIC VII Siscia 39 (R3), SRCV IV 16702A, Cohen VII 106, Choice gVF, excellent centering and strike, nice portrait and reverse style, brown tone, round flan, weight 3.112 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 317 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAESAR, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, wearing crested helmet and military garb, paludamentum (long military cloak) behind hanging from shoulders, inverted spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (61.60)







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Catalog current as of Friday, November 22, 2019.
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Youth