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Theodora, 21 April 1042 - 12 June 1042 and 11 January 1055 - 21 August 1056
Joint rule with Zoe (her sister), 21 April - 12 June 1042 A.D.
Sole rule, 11 January 1055 - 21 Aug 1056 A.D.
The two elderly daughters of Constantine VIII ruled jointly for seven and a half weeks following the deposition of Michael V. They were unfit for rule and did not get along. The senator Constantine Monomachus was selected as a husband for Zoe ascended the throne as Constantine IX. Theodora had sole rule for a year and a half after the death of Constantine IX until her death. She nominated Michael Stratioticus, a civil servant, as her successor.
Constantius I divorced his first wife Helena to marry Theodora, the daughter and step-daughter of the emperor Maximianus. Her grandchildren included Delmatius, Hanniballianus, Constantius Gallus, Julian II, Licinius II and Nepotian. Her coins were struck after Constantine's death and after the massacre of most of her descendants. Although the date of her death is unknown, her title Augusta and her coinage were probably posthumous. The reason for her coinage is uncertain, but it may have been directed by Constantine the Great's will.RL91641. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff., Cohen VII 4, VF, nice portrait, tight ragged flan, reverse center flat, light encrustations, weight 0.993 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, wearing diadem, elaborate hairstyle, and pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, mintmark in exergue (off flan); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 (Ä39.60)
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.RL91640. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Trier 56 (R), Voetter 2, SRCV V 17501, Cohen VII 4, Hunter V -, LRBC I -, VF, nice portrait centered on a tight flan, light deposits, small edge split, weight 1.903 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, TRPē in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; SOLD