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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantine II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.


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In 323, at the age of seven, he took part in his father's campaign against the Sarmatians. At age ten, he became commander of Gaul, following the death of his half-brother Crispus. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II initially became emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans, with the Empire divided between them and two of their cousins. This arrangement barely survived Constantine I’s death, as his sons arranged the slaughter of most of the rest of the family by the army. The three brothers gathered together in Pannonia and there, on 9 September 337, divided the Roman world among themselves. Constantine, proclaimed Augustus by the troops received Gaul, Britannia and Hispania.
RL91853. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 59 (R4), SRCV IV 17203, Cohen VII 83, LRBC I 1325, Hunter V 90 var. (officina), Choice VF, highlighting green patina, weight 2.425 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 330o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, no legend; reverse CONSTAN/TINVS / CAESAR / SMANTH in four lines, star above, pellet below; rare; $130.00 (€114.40)
 


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Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest son with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded Constans' territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.
RL89619. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII London 181 (R2), SRCV V 17270, Cohen VII 224, Hunter V 1 var. (cross within wreath on altar), Choice aEF, excellent portrait, centered on a broad flan, green patina, traces of silvering, light earthen deposits, weight 3.412 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, as caesar, 320 A.D.; obverse FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding wreath over altar, VOT / P•R in (vows of the Roman People) two lines within wreath, wreath on the front of the altar, PLN in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Lucie Courcy (2006); rare; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


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Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was made Caesar before he was a year old. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western empire. After quarreling with his brother, Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia.
RB89939. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Siscia 37 (R3), SRCV IV 17110, Cohen VII 50, Hunter V -, Choice aEF, excellent centering, attractive green patina, flow lines, weight 3.201 g, maximum diameter 20.35 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 317 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CLARITAS REIPVBLICAE (the renown of the Republic), Sol standing facing, head left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding sunrise, globe in left hand, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $115.00 (€101.20)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 327, construction of the Domus Aurea, the cathedral of Antioch, began on an island between two branches of the Orontes River, where the Imperial Palace was located. It was dedicated on 6 January 341, in the presence of Constans, Constantius II and ninety-seven bishops. In the following centuries, it was repeatedly destroyed by earthquakes and fires and rebuilt. It was finally destroyed in 588 after a major earthquake left the dome resting on a pile of rubble. Today the site of the cathedral is uncertain.
RL89942. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 54 (R3), SRCV IV 17203, Cohen VII 83, LRBC I 1325, Hunter V -, Choice aVF, well centered, weight 2.194 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse CONSTAN/TINVS / CAESAR / SMANTA (in four lines), star above; rare; $110.00 (€96.80)
 


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Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.
RL89691. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII 95 (R4), SRCV IV 17273, Cohen 221 var. (bust laureate), Hunter V -, Choice VF, attractive style, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, weight 2.627 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, 319 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, boy's radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories holding wreath on altar, VOT / P R in two lines within wreath, C on altar with garland, PT exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


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Constantine II was about eight years old when this coin was minted. Here he is draped and cuirassed as a powerful child Caesar with the world in his hands!
SH63721. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 382 (R3) corr. (no cuirass), SRCV V 17155, Cohen VII 23, gVF, well centered on a tight flan, nice green patina, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, mappa in left, head of Medusa on cuirass; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX, surmounted by globe, three stars above, •STR• in exergue; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $80.00
 


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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL79178. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 527, LRBC I 56, SRCV V 17313, Cohen VIII 122, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice dark green patina, slight die wear, areas of light porosity, weight 2.245 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRS• in exergue; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $80.00
 


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In 326 A.D., Constantine the great reorganized the Roman army into smaller units classified into three grades: palatini, (imperial escort armies); comitatenses, (forces based in frontier provinces) and limitanei (auxilia border troops).
RL86625. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 20 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 479, LRBC I 33, SRCV V 17216, Cohen VII 165, choice aEF, excellent centering, some of the obverse legend not fully struck, light bumps and marks, weight 3.104 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, two upper rows of masonry larger, star above, STR and pellet within crescent in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at the confluence of the Colapis and the Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae. Dates of operation: 260 - c. 390. Mintmarks: S, SIS, SISC, SISCPS.
RL89671. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 99 (R4), SRCV IV 17265, Cohen VII 192, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, weak areas, weight 2.720 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT• LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, I on altar, ASIS* in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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In 333, Constantine pulled Roman troops out of Britain and abandoned work on the Hadrian's Wall.
RL87912. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 24 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Trier 539, LRBC I 63, SRCV V 17314, Cohen VIII 122, Choice gVF, green patina, bumps and marks, small edge splits, weight 1.376 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•P in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $75.00 (€66.00)
 




  



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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTINVSAVG
CONSTANTINVSIVNAVG
CONSTANTINVSIVNNC
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES
CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTINVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES
DNFLCLCONSTANTINVSNOBC
FLCLCONSTANTINVSIVNNC
FLCLCONSTANTINVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTANTINVSAVG
VICCONSTANTINVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine: The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 2011).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Monday, November 18, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Constantine II