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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Byzantion||View Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantion, Thrace

Byzantion was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 657 B.C. In 340 B.C., the Byzantines, with the aid of the Athenians, successfully withstood a siege by Philip of Macedon. They were, however, forced to recognize Macedonian suzerainty after surrendering without a fight to Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. The city was rebuilt as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine I in 330 A.D. and renamed Constantinople. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire when it was conquered in 1453. Today it is Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart.


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH48867. Gold stater, Müller 162; SNG Cop 1086 ff. var. (monogram), EF, weight 8.544 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, posthumous, c. 250 - 150 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right, resting left elbow on shield, monogram inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue ornamented with two small dolphins; extraordinary mint luster, high relief, nice style, fantastic coin!; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH68237. Gold stater, Thompson -, Müller -, SNG -; unpublished in major references but a few know to Forum from auctions, gVF, attractively centered, weight 8.509 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (probably Byzantion) mint, posthumous, 250 - 220 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right, resting left elbow on shield, lion head left, plain trident below; rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH50027. Gold stater, apparently unpublished, cf. Seyrig Calcédoine," pl. 23, 7 - 8; Müller -, Thompson -, SNG Berry -, VF, weight 8.472 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right, resting left elbow on shield, monogram left, plain trident below; light scratch on jaw; rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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SH34510. Gold stater, Müller -, gVF, weight 8.455 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right, resting left elbow on shield, MA inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue; rare variety; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, c. 200 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

SH13366. Silver tetradrachm, Müller 543, Thompson 201, SGCV II 6814 var., gem aEF, weight 17.098 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 195 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name in right, magistrates monogram inner left, BY on throne; extraordinary!; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

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SH53582. Silver tetradrachm, Müller 200, SNG Cop 1141 var. (monogram), Choice gVF, weight 16.850 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name in right, monogram inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue; uncleaned with dark hoard toning!; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

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SH18366. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1141, EF, flat strike areas, weight 16.566 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 250 - 100 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name in right, monogram inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue; uncleaned with hoard patina!; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, c. 2nd Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH76167. Silver tetradrachm, Apparently unpublished; Müller -; Meydancikkale -, Mektepini Hoard -, et al. -, aEF, attractive light tone, some very light marks and scratches, weight 16.610 g, maximum diameter 33.9 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Nike in extended right crowning name with wreath, resting left arm on shield, transverse spear resting against right side, AT monogram in inner left, BY on side of throne; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 7 (26 Apr 2014), lot 474; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She was believed to lead soldiers into battle as the war goddess Athena Promachos. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis was dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments across Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.
SH18361. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1141 var. (monogram), Choice gVF+, weight 16.850 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name in right, monogram inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue; uncleaned with hoard patina!; SOLD


Byzantium, Thrace, c. 170 - 100 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type

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In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH67479. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 731, Thompson -, Müller -, SNG -, Armenak Hoard -, Meydancikkale Hoard -, et al. -, VF, well centered, obv porous, small spots of silver oxide encrustation, weight 16.743 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 170 - 100 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, left arm on shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, Nike crowning name in right, monogram left, BY on throne, trident left flanked by dolphins in exergue; very rare variant; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Arslan, M. & C. Lightfoot. Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey. (Ankara, 1999).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly...Greece. (London, 1924).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Marinescu, C. & C. Lorber. "The ?Black Sea? Tetradrachm Hoard" in Studies Prokopov. Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Schönert-Geiss, E. Die Münzprägung von Byzantion. (Amsterdam, 1970 & 1972).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellénistiques de Byzance et de Calcédoine" in Essays Robinson.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellénistiques de Byzance et de Calcédoine" in Essays Robinson.
Thompson, M. "The Armenak Hoard (IGCH 1423)" in ANSMN 31 (1986).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus" in Essays Robinson.
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Sunday, October 20, 2019.
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Byzantion Greek Coins