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Zeno, 18 January - 17 November 474 and August 476 - 11 April 491 A.D.
Zeno was an Isaurian chieftain who moved to Rome and married Emperor Leo I's daughter, Ariadne. Their son, Leo II, succeeded Leo I as emperor, and shortly after declared his father Augustus. An exceedingly unpopular emperor, Zeno spent his 17-year reign defending the empire not only against the barbarians but also against many rebellions. He died in 491 A.D after suffering an epileptic fit.
In 474, Zeno's oppressive rule resulted in a revolt which forced him to flee to Isauria. Verina, the widow of Leo I, claimed the Empire and installed her brother, Basiliscus, on the throne. The following year, Basiliscus was deposed and Zeno reclaimed the Empire. He didn't change and new rebellions were frequent. In 491 A.D., after a turbulent reign of seventeen years, he died. He was succeeded by Anastasius, who married his widow Ariadne.SH93491. Gold solidus, Hunter V 8 (also 3rd officina), RIC X 910, DOCLR 631, Depeyrot 108/1, SRCV V 21514, Tolstoi 14, Ratto 279, VF, well centered on a broad flan, flow lines, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 4.435 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, Aug 476 - 9 Apr 491 A.D.; obverse D N ZENO PERP AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman riding down enemy; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Γ (victory of the three emperors, 3rd officina), Victory standing left, long jeweled cross in right, star right, CONOB in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $700.00 (€616.00)
Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored men in positions of authority similar to his own.RL88645. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T2179 (12 spec), Venèra 7058-7064, Gloucester 376, Komin 1065, RIC V-1 225, Hunter IV 78 var. (emp. holds short specter), SRCV III -, aF, weight 2.954 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 6th issue, autumn 272 - early 274; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSER (to Jupiter the protector), Aurelian, on left, standing right, wearing military dress, long scepter vertical in left hand, with right hand receiving globe from Jupiter; Jupiter on right, standing left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and back, holding long scepter vertical in left hand, offering globe with right hand, *P in exergue; $12.00 (€10.56)
Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterward of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: K, KVZ, SMK.RL88685. Billon follis, Hunter V 157 (also 4th officina), RIC VII Cyzicus 4, SRCV IV 15218, Cohen VII 71, F, green patina, obverse slightly off center, weight 2.506 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 313 - 315 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, ∆ right, SMK in exergue; SOLD
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